Managing multiple gateways and clusters

Usings Groups for managing multiple gateways

Use execnet.Group to manage membership and lifetime of of multiple gateways:

>>> import execnet
>>> group = execnet.Group(['popen'] * 2)
>>> len(group)
>>> group
<Group ['gw0', 'gw1']>
>>> list(group)
[<Gateway id='gw0' receive-live, thread model, 0 active channels>, <Gateway id='gw1' receive-live, thread model, 0 active channels>]
>>> 'gw0' in group and 'gw1' in group
>>> group['gw0'] == group[0]
>>> group['gw1'] == group[1]
>>> group.terminate() # exit all member gateways
>>> group
<Group []>

Assigning Gateway IDs

All gateways are created as part of a group and receive a per-group unique id after successful initialization. Pass an id=MYNAME part to group.makegateway. Example:

>>> import execnet
>>> group = execnet.Group()
>>> gw = group.makegateway("popen//id=sub1")
>>> assert == "sub1"
>>> group['sub1']
<Gateway id='sub1' receive-live, thread model, 0 active channels>

Getting (auto) IDs before instantiation

Sometimes it’s useful to know the gateway ID ahead of instantiating it:

>>> import execnet
>>> group = execnet.Group()
>>> spec = execnet.XSpec("popen")
>>> group.allocate_id(spec)
>>> allocated_id =
>>> gw = group.makegateway(spec)
>>> assert == allocated_id

execnet.makegateway uses execnet.default_group

Each time you create a gateway with execnet.makegateway() you actually use the execnet.default_group:

>>> import execnet
>>> gw = execnet.makegateway()
>>> gw in execnet.default_group
>>> execnet.default_group.defaultspec # used for empty makegateway() calls

Robust Termination of ssh/popen processes

Use group.terminate(timeout) if you want to terminate member gateways and ensure that no local sub processes remain you can specify a timeout after which an attempt at killing the related process is made:

>>> import execnet
>>> group = execnet.Group()
>>> gw = group.makegateway("popen//id=sleeper")
>>> ch = gw.remote_exec("import time ; time.sleep(2.0)")
>>> group
<Group ['sleeper']>
>>> group.terminate(timeout=1.0)
>>> group
<Group []>

execnet aims to provide totally robust termination so if you have left-over processes or other termination issues please report them. thanks!

Using Groups to manage a certain type of gateway

Set group.defaultspec to determine the default gateway specification used by group.makegateway():

>>> import execnet
>>> group = execnet.Group()
>>> group.defaultspec = "ssh=localhost//chdir=mytmp//nice=20"
>>> gw = group.makegateway()
>>> ch = gw.remote_exec("""
...      import os.path
...      basename = os.path.basename(os.getcwd())
...      channel.send(basename)
... """)
>>> ch.receive()

This way a Group object becomes kind of a Gateway factory where the factory-caller does not need to know the setup.